How To Require In Ruby

Ruby is a dynamic, open-source programming language that focuses on simplicity and productivity. One of the main benefits of using Ruby is the ability to easily include external libraries and modules, which can help streamline your development process and improve your code’s overall organization. In this blog post, we’ll discuss how to use the require keyword in Ruby to import external code into your application.

What is ‘require’ in Ruby?

The require keyword in Ruby is used to load external code from different files or libraries into your current program. This allows you to separate your code into modular, reusable components that can be easily maintained and shared across different projects. By using require, you can avoid duplicating code and keep your applications organized and efficient.

How to use ‘require’ in Ruby

To use require in Ruby, simply place the keyword followed by the name of the file or library you wish to load, enclosed in single or double quotes. The file name should be a relative or absolute path to the file, and it should not include the ‘.rb’ extension. For example, if you have a file named ‘my_module.rb’ in the same directory as your main program, you would use the following code to require it:

    require 'my_module'

If the file you want to require is located in a different directory, you can use a relative or absolute path to specify its location. For example, if ‘my_module.rb’ is located in a subdirectory called ‘lib’, you would use the following code to require it:

    require './lib/my_module'

Using Ruby Gems

In addition to requiring local files, you can also use the require keyword to load external libraries and modules provided by Ruby Gems. Ruby Gems is a package manager for Ruby that makes it easy to distribute and install third-party code. To use a gem in your program, simply require the gem’s name after installing it using the gem install command. For example, to use the popular HTTP library httparty, you would first install the gem:

    gem install httparty

And then require it in your Ruby program:

    require 'httparty'


The require keyword in Ruby is an essential tool for organizing your code and leveraging the power of third-party libraries and modules. By using require to load external code, you can keep your applications modular, maintainable, and efficient. Whether you’re working with local files or Ruby Gems, the require keyword will help you build more powerful and flexible applications.