How To Time In Javascript

Timing is an important aspect when it comes to web development, especially in JavaScript where you need to measure the performance of your code or have timers for various purposes. In this blog post, we’ll discuss the different ways you can measure time in JavaScript.

Date Object

The simplest way to get the current time in JavaScript is by using the Date object. You can create a new instance of the Date object by calling its constructor:

        const now = new Date();

The now variable contains a Date object representing the current date and time. You can get the current time in milliseconds since January 1, 1970, 00:00:00 UTC (known as Unix epoch) using the getTime() method:

        const currentTimeInMilliseconds = now.getTime();

Performance API

The Performance API provides a more accurate and precise timing mechanism than the Date object. The method returns a high-resolution timestamp that is measured in milliseconds and has a precision of up to microseconds.

        const startTime =;

        // Your code goes here

        const endTime =;
        const elapsedTime = endTime - startTime;

In the above code snippet, we first call the method to get the start time, then execute our code, and finally call again to get the end time. The elapsed time is calculated by subtracting the start time from the end time.

setTimeout and setInterval

JavaScript provides two built-in functions for executing code at specified time intervals: setTimeout() and setInterval().

The setTimeout() function executes a specified function or code snippet once after a specified delay in milliseconds. The syntax is as follows:

        setTimeout(function, delay);

For example:

        setTimeout(() => {
            console.log('This will be logged after 3 seconds');
        }, 3000);

The setInterval() function is used to repeatedly execute a function or code snippet after a specified delay in milliseconds. The syntax is similar to setTimeout():

        setInterval(function, delay);

For example:

        setInterval(() => {
            console.log('This will be logged every 5 seconds');
        }, 5000);


In this blog post, we covered the different ways to measure time in JavaScript – using the Date object, the Performance API, and the setTimeout and setInterval functions. Depending on the purpose of your timing needs, you can choose the appropriate method for your specific use case.