How To Os In Linux

Linux is a powerful open-source operating system that offers numerous advantages over its competitors. It is flexible, robust, and customizable, allowing you to tailor your experience to your needs. Today, we will guide you through some basic operations in Linux that can help you in your day-to-day tasks.

Opening the Terminal

The terminal is the heart of Linux. All of the system’s operations can be done through the command line interface of the terminal. To open the terminal, use the shortcut Ctrl + Alt + T or search for ‘Terminal’ in your application menu.


To navigate through directories in Linux, we use the cd command which stands for ‘change directory’. For example, if you want to navigate to your Documents directory, you would use:

cd Documents

Creating Files and Directories

With Linux, creating new files and directories is simple. For files, you use the touch command, and for directories, you use the mkdir command.

To create a new file, you would use:

touch newfile.txt

To create a new directory, you would use:

mkdir newdirectory

Deleting Files and Directories

Deleting files and directories in Linux is just as straightforward. The rm command is used to remove files, and the rmdir command is used to remove directories.

To delete a file, you would use:

rm oldfile.txt

To delete a directory, you would use:

rmdir olddirectory


The Linux OS is a versatile and dynamic system with robust capabilities. By mastering the basic commands and operations, you can take full advantage of everything it has to offer. We hope this guide has been useful in helping you to understand the basics of operating a system in Linux.