How To Use If Function In Google Sheets

The “IF” function is one of the most popular and widely used functions in Google Sheets. It allows users to create logical comparisons to produce specific results. In this blog post, we will guide you on how to use the “IF” function in Google Sheets.

What is the IF function?

The IF function in Google Sheets is used to create conditional functions. This means that the output will depend on whether a certain condition is met. The general structure of the IF function is:
IF(logical_expression, result_when_true, result_when_false)

Using the IF Function

Now let’s walk through how to use IF function in Google Sheets. Below we’ll provide a simple example:

=IF(B2 > C2, "Over Budget", "Within Budget")

In the example above, cell B2 is compared with C2. If the value in B2 is greater than C2, then Google Sheets will display “Over Budget”. If it’s not, Google Sheets will display “Within Budget”.

Using Multiple Conditions with IF

There can be situations where you might need to test more than one condition. In such cases, you can use multiple IF functions, a technique known as ‘nesting’. Here’s an example:

=IF(B2 > C2, "Over Budget", IF(B2 = C2, "On Budget", "Under Budget"))

In the above example, if B2 is bigger than C2, Google Sheets will display “Over Budget”. If B2 equals C2, it will display “On Budget”. If neither of the conditions are met, it will display “Under Budget”.


The IF function is a versatile tool in Google Sheets, helping you to create detailed, data-driven documents. It allows for complex logical tests where the results will depend on various conditions. Once you’ve understood how to use this function properly, you’ll be able to make the most of your data in Google Sheets.