How To Escape Single Quote In Php

When working with strings in PHP, you might encounter situations where you need to include single quotes within a string that’s already wrapped in single quotes. To handle this scenario, PHP provides various methods to escape single quotes so they are treated as a part of the string rather than causing syntax errors.

Using Backslashes

The most common method to escape single quotes in PHP is by using the backslash (\) character. Placing a backslash before a single quote within a string will tell PHP to treat the single quote as a literal character instead of a string delimiter. Here’s an example:

$str = ‘It\’s a beautiful day!’;
echo $str; // Output: It’s a beautiful day!

In this example, the backslash before the single quote allows PHP to recognize the single quote as a part of the string, preventing any syntax errors.

Using Double Quotes

Another way to include single quotes within a string is by using double quotes to wrap the string instead of single quotes. When using double quotes, you don’t need to escape single quotes. For example:

$str = “It’s a beautiful day!”;
echo $str; // Output: It’s a beautiful day!

However, bear in mind that when using double quotes, you will need to escape any double quotes within the string itself, like so:

$str = “She said, \”It’s a beautiful day!\””;
echo $str; // Output: She said, “It’s a beautiful day!”

Using the addslashes() Function

PHP also provides the addslashes() function, which automatically escapes single quotes, double quotes, and backslashes within a string. This function is particularly useful when dealing with user input that may contain quotes. Here’s an example:

$user_input = “It’s a \”beautiful\” day!”;
$escaped_input = addslashes($user_input);
echo $escaped_input; // Output: It\’s a \”beautiful\” day!

Using the htmlspecialchars() Function

Another method to handle single quotes, especially when dealing with HTML, is to use the htmlspecialchars() function. This function converts special characters like single and double quotes to their HTML entities. For example:

$str = “It’s a beautiful day!”;
$html_str = htmlspecialchars($str, ENT_QUOTES);
echo $html_str; // Output: It’s a beautiful day!

This approach is especially useful when you want to prevent security issues like cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks.


Escaping single quotes in PHP is a common task when working with strings containing quoted text. Depending on your specific use case, you can choose from the various methods available in PHP, such as using backslashes, double quotes, addslashes(), or htmlspecialchars(). Remember to always validate and sanitize user input to prevent potential security issues.