How To Use Php Variable In Javascript

PHP and JavaScript are two different languages that run on different sides of the web development spectrum. PHP is a server-side scripting language, while JavaScript is a client-side scripting language. Although they are different, sometimes developers need to use PHP variables in their JavaScript code. This article will discuss different methods of using PHP variables in JavaScript.

Method 1: Directly Embedding PHP Variables in JavaScript

One of the easiest ways to use a PHP variable in JavaScript is by directly embedding the PHP variable inside a JavaScript script tag. To do this, simply enclose the PHP code in <?php ?> tags and echo the variable.

For example, let’s say we have a PHP variable named $message:

<?php $message = "Hello, World!"; ?>

To use this variable in JavaScript, we can do the following:

    var message = "&lt;?php echo $message; ?&gt;";
    console.log(message); // Output: "Hello, World!"

Keep in mind that this method will only work when the JavaScript code is included directly in the PHP file, not in a separate JavaScript file.

Method 2: Using PHP to Generate JavaScript

Another way to use PHP variables in JavaScript is to generate your JavaScript code using PHP. This method involves creating a separate PHP file that will output JavaScript code with the necessary variables embedded. The main advantage of this method is that it can be used to include dynamic variables even in external JavaScript files.

First, create a new PHP file named my_script.php and add the following code:

    header("Content-type: application/javascript");
    $message = "Hello, World!";

console.log("&lt;?php echo $message; ?&gt;");

Now, include the PHP file in your HTML file like a regular JavaScript file:

<script src="my_script.php"></script>

The browser will interpret the file as JavaScript and execute the code, including the PHP-generated variable.

Method 3: Using AJAX to Fetch PHP Variables

Another approach to using PHP variables in JavaScript is by using AJAX to fetch the variables from the server. This method is particularly useful when you need to access PHP variables without refreshing the page.

First, create a PHP file named fetch_variable.php and add the following code:

    $message = "Hello, World!";
    echo json_encode($message);

Then, in your JavaScript code, use the fetch() function to make an AJAX request to the PHP file:

    .then(response =&gt; response.json())
    .then(message =&gt; {
        console.log(message); // Output: "Hello, World!"

This method allows you to access PHP variables asynchronously without interrupting the user experience.


In this article, we discussed three methods to use PHP variables in JavaScript. Each method has its own advantages and use cases, so choose the one that best fits your project’s requirements. Remember to be cautious when using PHP variables in JavaScript, as it can expose sensitive information if not handled securely.