How To Have Google Sheets Do Math

Google Sheets, a widely used spreadsheet program from Google, boasts a myriad of features that help users handle various data processing tasks including math operations. While it’s relatively simple to use, not everyone is familiar with how to perform mathematical operations in Google Sheets. So let’s explore how to use Google Sheets for your math needs.

Getting Started

The first step is to open a new Google Sheets document. Once you have your document open, you can start inputting your numbers and mathematical formulas.

Basic Math Operations

Google Sheets can perform basic math operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. These operations can be performed on individual cells, ranges of cells, or directly on numbers.

The basic math operations in Google Sheets work in a similar way to a standard calculator. To perform an operation, you state the formula in the cell where you want the output to appear. Google Sheets formulas always start with an equals sign ‘=’. For example, to add numbers in cells A1 and B1, you can input the following formula in cell C1:


More Advanced Operations

Google Sheets also includes more advanced mathematical operations, including power, square root, logarithm, etc. For instance, to raise the number in cell A1 to the power of the number in cell B1, you use the “^” symbol:


Similarly, to calculate the square root of the number in A1, use:


Using Built-in Functions

Google Sheets comes with a host of built-in functions that simplify complex mathematical operations. For instance, functions like SUM, AVERAGE, MIN, MAX etc. are commonly used for various mathematical operations.

To employ the SUM function to add all numbers in column A:


To calculate the average of numbers in column B:



Simply put, Google Sheets is a powerful tool that can handle a wide range of mathematical calculations, from basic arithmetic to complex mathematical functions. With just the basic knowledge of how to input formulas and functions, you can easily utilize Google Sheets to do the math for you.