How To Code In Ruby

Ruby is an elegant and dynamic programming language that emphasizes simplicity and readability. It was designed by Yukihiro “Matz” Matsumoto in the 1990s and has since gained a loyal following due to its ease of use, object-oriented nature, and the powerful Rails framework. If you’re new to programming or looking to learn a new language, Ruby is a great choice. In this blog post, we’ll introduce you to Ruby and help you get started with coding in this versatile language.

Installing Ruby

Before we can start coding in Ruby, we first need to install it on our computer. The easiest way to do this is by using a package manager. For macOS users, you can use Homebrew by running the following command in your terminal:

brew install ruby

For Windows users, you can use RubyInstaller available at

For Linux users, you can use your distribution’s package manager (such as apt-get or yum) to install Ruby.

Getting Started with Ruby

To ensure Ruby is installed correctly, open your terminal or command prompt and run the following command:

ruby -v

This should print out the version number of the Ruby interpreter installed on your system. If everything is set up correctly, we can proceed with writing our first Ruby program.

Hello, World!

A classic way to start learning a new programming language is by writing a simple program that outputs “Hello, World!” to the console. In Ruby, this can be done with just one line of code. Open your favorite text editor, type the following line, and save the file as hello_world.rb:

puts "Hello, World!"

To run the program, open your terminal or command prompt, navigate to the directory containing the hello_world.rb file, and type:

ruby hello_world.rb

You should see Hello, World! printed to the console. Congrats! You’ve just written your first Ruby program.

Basic Ruby Syntax

Let’s go over some basic Ruby syntax to help you get started with coding. In Ruby, variables do not require a type declaration, and their names should be in snake_case (words separated by underscores). For example:

name = "John Doe"
age = 30

Ruby has several data types, including numbers (integers and floats), strings, arrays, and hashes. Here are some examples of each:

# Integer
int_num = 42

# Float
float_num = 3.14

# String
greeting = "Hello, Ruby!"

# Array
colors = ["red", "green", "blue"]

# Hash
person = { "name" => "John", "age" => 30 }

Ruby has a variety of control structures, such as if-else statements and loops:

# If-else statement
if age >= 18
  puts "You are an adult."
  puts "You are a minor."

# Loop
5.times do |i|
  puts "This is loop iteration #{i}."

To learn more about Ruby’s syntax and features, check out the official documentation at


Coding in Ruby is a great way to learn programming or add a new language to your skill set. In this blog post, we covered how to install Ruby, write a basic “Hello, World!” program, and explored some fundamental Ruby syntax. As you continue to learn and practice, you’ll find Ruby to be a powerful and enjoyable language for creating web applications, scripts, and more.