How To Validate Json In Python

JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) is a lightweight data interchange format that is easy for humans to read and write, and easy for machines to parse and generate. JSON is a widely used format for exchanging data between web clients and servers. In this blog post, we will discuss how to validate JSON data in Python using various libraries and techniques.

Using the jsonschema Library

One of the most popular libraries for JSON validation in Python is jsonschema. It is an implementation of the JSON Schema specification which allows you to define the structure of your JSON data and validate it against the schema.

To get started, you need to install the jsonschema library. You can do this by running the following command:

    pip install jsonschema

Once the library is installed, you can use it to validate your JSON data as shown in the example below:

    import json
    from jsonschema import validate, ValidationError

    # Define the JSON schema
    schema = {
        "type": "object",
        "properties": {
            "name": {"type": "string"},
            "age": {"type": "number"},
            "city": {"type": "string"},
        "required": ["name", "age"]

    # Sample JSON data
    data = {
        "name": "John Doe",
        "age": 30,
        "city": "New York"

        validate(instance=data, schema=schema)
        print("JSON data is valid")
    except ValidationError as e:
        print("Invalid JSON data:", e.message)

In the example above, we define a schema specifying that the JSON data should be an object with three properties: name, age, and city. The name and age properties are marked as required, meaning that the JSON data must include these properties in order to be considered valid. The validate() function is then used to check the JSON data against the schema, raising a ValidationError if the data does not conform to the schema.

Using the json.loads() Function

If you just want to check if a given string is valid JSON, you can use the built-in json.loads() function from the json module. This function will raise a json.JSONDecodeError if the input string is not valid JSON.

    import json

    json_string = '{"name": "John Doe", "age": 30, "city": "New York"}'

        print("Valid JSON string")
    except json.JSONDecodeError as e:
        print("Invalid JSON string:", e.msg)

Note that this method only checks if the input string is valid JSON syntax-wise, but does not validate the structure or content of the JSON data. For that, you should use a library like jsonschema as shown in the previous section.


In this blog post, we discussed how to validate JSON data in Python using the jsonschema library and the json.loads() function. It is essential to validate JSON data to ensure that your application works with the correct data structure and prevents potential errors or security vulnerabilities. With these techniques in your toolbox, you are well-equipped to handle JSON validation in your Python projects.