Linux environment to the Linux environment, specifically Ubuntu, you might find things a bit daunting at first. However, with some basic understanding of its commands and functionalities, you’ll soon find that it’s not as difficult as it seems. Here’s a simple guide to get you started on using Linux Ubuntu.
Getting Started With Terminal
A large part of interacting with Ubuntu (and Linux in general) is done through the terminal. This might seem intimidating at first, but you’ll soon see that it affords you a high degree of control over your system. To open the terminal, press Ctrl+Alt+T on your keyboard.
Basic Terminal Commands
Here are some basic terminal commands that you should know:
- pwd – Print working directory. It shows you the directory you’re currently in.
- ls – List directory contents. It will show you what’s in the directory.
- cd – Change directory. You can navigate through your system with this command.
For example, if you want to change your current directory, you’d use the cd command like this:
This will take you to the Documents directory.
There are several ways to install software on Ubuntu, but the easiest way is through the terminal with the apt-get tool. Here’s a typical command to install a new package:
sudo apt-get install package-name
Just replace package-name with the name of the software you want to install.
To uninstall software, you can use the apt-get tool again, but this time with the remove option. Here’s how you do it:
sudo apt-get remove package-name
Again, replace package-name with the name of the software you want to uninstall.
This guide just scratches the surface of what you can do with Ubuntu. As you get more comfortable with the terminal and the basic commands, you’ll be able to unlock the full potential of your Ubuntu system.