How To Run Chkdsk In Windows 10

CHKDSK, also known as Check Disk, is a built-in Windows utility that checks your computer’s hard drive for errors and attempts to fix them. Running CHKDSK can help you diagnose and repair various file system issues, bad sectors, and disk errors. In this blog post, we will walk you through the process of running CHKDSK in Windows 10.

Method 1: Run CHKDSK from File Explorer

  1. Open File Explorer by pressing Windows + E keys or clicking on the folder icon in the taskbar.
  2. Locate and right-click on the drive you want to run CHKDSK on, then select Properties.
  3. In the Properties window, click on the Tools tab.
  4. Under the Error checking section, click on Check.
  5. If the system detects any errors, it will prompt you to start the error-checking process. Click on Scan drive and follow the on-screen instructions.

Note that CHKDSK may require you to restart your computer if it needs to fix errors on the system drive or if the drive is in use.

Method 2: Run CHKDSK from Command Prompt

Running CHKDSK from Command Prompt gives you more options and control over the error-checking process. Follow these steps:

  1. Press the Windows + X keys and select Command Prompt (Admin) or Windows PowerShell (Admin).
  2. Now type the following command in the Command Prompt or PowerShell:
  3.     chkdsk C: /f /r /x

    Replace C: with the letter of the drive you want to check. The parameters used in this command are:

  • /f: Fixes errors on the disk.
  • /r: Locates bad sectors and recovers readable information (implies /f).
  • /x: Forces the volume to dismount first if necessary (implies /f).
  • Press Enter to start the CHKDSK process. If the drive is in use or locked, you may be prompted to schedule CHKDSK to run at the next system restart. Type Y and press Enter to schedule it.
  • Once CHKDSK completes the error-checking process, it will display a summary of the results in the Command Prompt or PowerShell window.


    Running CHKDSK is an essential part of maintaining your computer’s health and performance. By taking the time to regularly check your drives for errors, you can prevent data loss and ensure your system runs smoothly. With the two methods mentioned above, you can quickly and easily run CHKDSK on your Windows 10 system and fix potential issues.