How To Rename Columns In Google Sheets

Google Sheets, a part of Google Workspace, is an incredible tool that allows you to manipulate and visualize data in a tabular format. One of the handy features that it provides is the ability to rename columns. Renaming columns can help you to better understand and interpret your data. In this post, we’ll guide you step-by-step on how to rename columns in Google Sheets.

Understanding Columns in Google Sheets

In Google Sheets, column headers are usually labeled with letters starting from ‘A’ and onward. However, you can rename them to a more descriptive name based on the values they hold. For example, if a column contains names of fruits, you could rename it as ‘Fruits’ instead of keeping the default name ‘A’.

Steps to Rename Columns

Follow the steps below to rename your columns:

  1. Open your Google Sheets document.
  2. Select the cell in the first row of the column that you want to rename. This is usually where the column name is placed.
  3. Double-click on the selected cell. This will allow you to edit the cell.
  4. Type in your desired column name.
  5. Press ‘Enter’ on your keyboard or simply click outside the cell to save the new name.

Note: You can also use F2 to start editing the cell and Ctrl+Enter (or Cmd+Enter for Mac users) to save the new name.

Renaming Multiple Columns

If you need to rename multiple columns, repeat the above steps for each column. There’s currently no feature in Google Sheets to rename multiple columns at once.

Using Google Apps Script to Rename Columns

For those who are comfortable with JavaScript and like automating tasks, Google Sheets offers Google Apps Script, a JavaScript cloud scripting language. You can use it to rename your columns programmatically.

Here’s an example of a function that renames a column:

function renameColumn() {
  var sheet = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet().getSheetByName('Sheet1');
  var range = sheet.getRange('A1');

In this example, the function renames the first column (A1) in ‘Sheet1’ to ‘NewColumnName’. To use this script, you would need to open the Apps Script Editor from your Google Sheets document and paste this function there.


Renaming columns in Google Sheets can make your sheets easier to understand and work with. Whether you’re doing it manually or using Google Apps Script for automation, it’s certainly a feature worth knowing.