How To Quit Vi Editor In Linux

Linux is an incredibly versatile operating system, highly appreciated by developers and sysadmins worldwide. Among the many tools it offers, the vi editor is one of the most powerful and popular text editors. However, as a newcomer to Linux, or even as an experienced user sometimes, figuring out how to quit the vi editor can be a bit of a challenge. Let’s break it down.

Exiting the vi Editor

The first step to quit the vi editor is to switch to command mode. If you’re in insert or command-line mode, press the Esc key. In command mode, you can move the cursor, search, and perform various other tasks.

Once you’re in command mode, to quit vi without saving any changes, simply type:


And press Enter.

The colon (:) will bring you to the command prompt at the bottom of the screen. The ‘q’ stands for ‘quit’, and the exclamation mark ‘!’ is used to quit without saving any changes.

Saving Changes Before Quitting

If you want to save your changes before quitting, first ensure you’re in command mode by pressing Esc. Then, type:


And press Enter.

The ‘w’ stands for ‘write’, which means it will save (or write) your changes to the file before quitting.

Forcing vi to Quit

Sometimes, you may encounter situations where vi refuses to quit due to some error or unsaved changes. In such cases, you can force vi to quit without saving changes by using the following command:


And press Enter.

In conclusion, the vi editor is a powerful tool in Linux, but its interface can be quite confusing for beginners. With these simple commands, you can easily quit the vi editor whether you want to save your changes or not. Happy coding!