How To Query Dynamodb Javascript

In this blog post, we will explore how to query data from an AWS DynamoDB table using JavaScript (Node.js). DynamoDB is a fast, fully managed NoSQL database service provided by Amazon Web Services (AWS).


Before we dive into the actual querying process, make sure you have the following set up:

  • An AWS account.
  • AWS CLI installed and configured with your AWS credentials.
  • Node.js installed on your development environment.
  • A DynamoDB table created and populated with data.

Setting Up Your Project

First, create a new directory for your project and navigate to it:

mkdir dynamodb-query-js
cd dynamodb-query-js

Next, initialize your project with npm:

npm init -y

Now, install the AWS SDK which will enable us to interact with AWS services like DynamoDB in our JavaScript code:

npm install aws-sdk

Querying DynamoDB Table

Create a new file named queryDynamoDB.js in your project directory and add the following code:

const AWS = require('aws-sdk');

// Update the AWS Region
AWS.config.update({ region: 'your-region' });

const docClient = new AWS.DynamoDB.DocumentClient();

// Replace with your table name and primary key
const params = {
    TableName: 'your-table-name',
    KeyConditionExpression: '#id = :id',
    ExpressionAttributeNames: {
        '#id': 'your-primary-key',
    ExpressionAttributeValues: {
        ':id': 'your-value',

docClient.query(params, (err, data) => {
    if (err) {
        console.error('Error:', JSON.stringify(err, null, 2));
    } else {
        console.log('Query succeeded:', JSON.stringify(data.Items, null, 2));

Don’t forget to replace the placeholders with your actual values:

  • your-region: The AWS region where your DynamoDB table is located (e.g., ‘us-west-2’).
  • your-table-name: The name of the DynamoDB table you want to query.
  • your-primary-key: The primary key attribute of the table.
  • your-value: The value of the primary key you want to query for.

Running the Script

With the queryDynamoDB.js file saved, you can now execute the script using Node.js:

node queryDynamoDB.js

Upon successful execution, the script will output the query results in JSON format. If there’s an error, it will display the error details.


In this blog post, we covered how to query a DynamoDB table using JavaScript and the AWS SDK. With this knowledge, you can now build applications that can efficiently fetch and process data from your DynamoDB tables.