How To On Error Reporting In Php

When developing an application in PHP, it’s essential to handle errors properly. This not only helps with debugging but also ensures that users don’t encounter unexpected errors in the application. In this blog post, we’ll cover how to enable and configure error reporting in PHP.

Step 1: Enable error reporting

By default, PHP may not display errors on the screen. To enable error reporting, you can either set it in your php.ini file or by using the ini_set() function in your PHP script.

To enable error reporting in the php.ini file, locate the following line:

error_reporting = E_ALL

Uncomment it (if it’s commented) and set it to E_ALL, which will enable error reporting for all types of errors, including notices, warnings, and fatal errors.

Alternatively, you can enable error reporting in your PHP script by adding the following lines at the beginning of the file:

ini_set('display_errors', 1);
ini_set('display_startup_errors', 1);

Step 2: Handle errors with custom error handlers

PHP allows you to create custom error handlers to handle errors in a more specific way, giving you greater control over your application’s error handling process. To create a custom error handler, use the set_error_handler() function.

Here’s an example of a simple custom error handler:

function customErrorHandler($errno, $errstr, $errfile, $errline) {
    echo "<b>Error:</b> [$errno] $errstr - $errfile:$errline";
    echo "<br>";
    echo "Execution halted";


This custom error handler will display a formatted error message and halt the script execution. You can modify the function to log errors, send notifications, or perform other actions as needed.

Step 3: Handle exceptions with try-catch blocks

Exceptions are special types of errors that can be “thrown” and “caught” within your PHP code. This allows you to handle errors in a more structured and modular way. To handle exceptions, wrap your code in a try-catch block.

Here’s an example of using a try-catch block to handle exceptions:

try {
    // Your code here...
    throw new Exception("An error occurred!");
} catch (Exception $e) {
    echo "Error: " . $e-&gt;getMessage();

In this example, an exception is thrown with a custom error message. The catch block catches the exception and displays the error message. You can also catch multiple types of exceptions and handle them differently, if necessary.


Proper error reporting and handling in PHP not only helps you debug your application but also ensures a better user experience. By enabling error reporting, creating custom error handlers, and using try-catch blocks for exceptions, you can have greater control over your application’s error handling process. Happy coding!