How To Nfs Share In Linux

If you are looking for a reliable way to share files between Linux systems, NFS (Network File System) is the way to go. NFS is a distributed file system protocol that allows a user on a client computer to access files over a network in a manner similar to how local storage is accessed. In this article, we’ll take you through the steps on how to NFS share in Linux.

1. Installation

First, we need to install the necessary packages. On a Debian-based distro like Ubuntu, you can use the apt package manager.

    $ sudo apt-get update
    $ sudo apt-get install nfs-kernel-server nfs-common

On a Red Hat-based distro like Fedora, CentOS, or RHEL, you can use the yum or dnf package manager.

    $ sudo yum install nfs-utils nfs-utils-lib

2. Create the Directory to be Shared

Next, let’s create the directory we want to share. In this example, we’ll create a directory called nfs in the /mnt directory.

    $ sudo mkdir /mnt/nfs

3. Configure the NFS Exports

Now we need to add our new directory to the NFS exports file. This file controls which directories are shared and how they are shared. Use your preferred text editor to open /etc/exports.

    $ sudo nano /etc/exports

Add the following line to the file, replacing with the IP range of your network.


Then, save and close the file.

4. Start the NFS Service

We can now start the NFS service with the following command:

    $ sudo systemctl start nfs-server.service

5. Test the Configuration

Finally, let’s make sure everything is working properly. On the client machine, use the following command to list the available shares:

    $ showmount -e [server IP]

And there you have it! You’ve set up NFS sharing on your Linux machine.

Remember that NFS is not encrypted, so it’s best used in a trusted network environment. For secure file sharing over untrusted networks, consider using SSHFS or a VPN.