How To Navigate In Jquery

jQuery is a widely-used JavaScript library that simplifies the process of navigating and manipulating HTML documents. In this blog post, we will explore the basics of navigating through a web page’s elements using jQuery. By the end of this tutorial, you will have a better understanding of how to traverse an HTML document and manipulate its elements with ease.

Traversing the DOM

Traversing the DOM (Document Object Model) is the process of moving through an HTML document, and selecting or manipulating elements as needed. jQuery provides a set of robust and easy-to-use functions to traverse the DOM effectively. Let’s take a look at some of the most common methods:

  • parent(): This method selects the immediate parent of an element.
  • children(): This method selects all the direct children of an element.
  • siblings(): This method selects all the siblings of an element, excluding itself.
  • next(): This method selects the next sibling of an element.
  • prev(): This method selects the previous sibling of an element.
  • closest(): This method searches up the DOM tree for the closest ancestor that matches the given selector.
  • find(): This method searches for descendants of an element that match the given selector.


Now, let’s see how to use these methods in practice. Assume that we have the following HTML:

<div class="container">
    <div class="box">
        <p>Box 1</p>
    <div class="box">
        <p>Box 2</p>
    <div class="box">
        <p>Box 3</p>

Using the HTML above, let’s explore each method:

  • parent():
  • $("p").parent(); // selects the parent div with class 'box' of each paragraph
  • children():
  • $(".box").children(); // selects the 'p' element within each 'box' div
  • siblings():
  • $(".box:first").siblings(); // selects all sibling 'box' divs of the first 'box' div
  • next():
  • $(".box:first").next(); // selects the next sibling of the first 'box' div (Box 2)
  • prev():
  • $(".box:last").prev(); // selects the previous sibling of the last 'box' div (Box 2)
  • closest():
  • $("p").closest(".container"); // selects the closest ancestor with class 'container' for each 'p' element
  • find():
  • $(".container").find(".box"); // selects all 'box' divs within the 'container' div


Traversing the DOM is an essential skill for any web developer who works with jQuery. With the methods and examples provided in this tutorial, you can now confidently navigate through an HTML document and manipulate its elements with ease. Keep practicing and experimenting with these techniques to further enhance your jQuery skills!