How To Make Jquery Plugin

jQuery is a popular JavaScript library for building interactive web applications. One of the reasons it’s so popular is its extensibility through plugins, which are custom functions that extend the functionality of jQuery itself. In this blog post, you will learn how to create your own jQuery plugins!

Why Create a jQuery Plugin?

Creating a jQuery plugin is a great way to:

  • Encapsulate and organize your code
  • Reuse your code across multiple projects
  • Share your code with others

Creating a Basic jQuery Plugin

Creating a jQuery plugin is quite simple. A plugin is just a function that’s attached to the jQuery object, so you can call it like any other jQuery method.

All you have to do is extend the $.fn object with your plugin function. Here’s an example of a basic jQuery plugin that logs the number of elements in a selection:

    (function($) {
        $.fn.elementCounter = function() {
            console.log('There are ' + this.length + ' elements in this selection');
            return this; // Enables chaining

Now you can use it like this:

    $('div').elementCounter(); // Logs 'There are N elements in this selection', where N is the number of divs on the page

Adding Options and Defaults to Your Plugin

Most plugins need to be configurable. You can provide options to your plugin by passing them as an argument to your plugin function. It’s also a good idea to provide default values for these options, so your plugin works even if no options are passed.

Here’s an example of a plugin with options and defaults:

    (function($) {
        $.fn.colorize = function(options) {
            // Define default options
            var defaults = {
                color: 'red',
                backgroundColor: 'white'

            // Merge the user's options with the defaults
            var settings = $.extend({}, defaults, options);

            // Apply the styles to the elements
                color: settings.color,
                backgroundColor: settings.backgroundColor

            return this; // Enables chaining

Now you can use it like this:

    $('div').colorize(); // Applies the default styles
    $('div').colorize({ color: 'blue', backgroundColor: 'yellow' }); // Applies custom styles


Creating your own jQuery plugin is easy and allows you to encapsulate, reuse, and share your code. You’ve learned how to create a basic plugin, add options and defaults, and call your plugin. Now you’re ready to start creating your own custom jQuery plugins!