How To Label Columns In Google Sheets

Google Sheets is a powerful and convenient tool for managing and manipulating data. One of the key aspects that can significantly enhance your productivity is labeling columns. Properly labeled columns can improve readability, ensure correct data entry, and facilitate data analysis. In this guide, we’ll explore how to label columns in Google Sheets.

Step 1: Open Your Google Sheets Document

The first step to labeling columns in Google Sheets is opening the document you want to work with. Navigate to Google Sheets, find the spreadsheet you want to modify, and open it.

Step 2: Select the Column to Label

Each column in Google Sheets is assigned a letter, starting with ‘A’ for the first column, ‘B’ for the second, and so forth. To label a column, you have to select it. Simply click on the letter of the column you want to label.

Step 3: Enter the Column Label

With the column selected, click on the first cell (the one in the first row) of the selected column. This cell is typically used for column labels. Type in your desired label and press the Enter key to save it.

Using Google Apps Script to Label Columns

If you have numerous columns to label, it might be more efficient to use a script. Google Sheets supports Google Apps Script, a powerful tool that allows you to automate tasks in your spreadsheets.

Here is a simple Google Apps Script to label the first 5 columns of the active sheet:

function labelColumns() {
  var sheet = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet().getActiveSheet();
  var labels = ['First', 'Second', 'Third', 'Fourth', 'Fifth'];
  for (var i = 0; i < labels.length; i++) {
    sheet.getRange(1, i+1).setValue(labels[i]);

To run this script, go to Extensions > Apps Script in your Google Sheets. Click on New script and paste the script into the editor. Then execute the script using the play button in the toolbar.


Labeling columns in Google Sheets can seem daunting at first, especially when dealing with a large number of them. But by using these basic steps and Google Apps Script, you can greatly enhance your proficiency and efficiency in managing spreadsheets.