# How To Join Two Lists In Python

In this blog post, we will discuss different ways to join or merge two lists in Python. Merging lists is a common operation in Python programming, as it allows you to combine elements from multiple lists into a single list. Let’s explore various methods to achieve this:

## 1. Using the ‘+’ Operator

The simplest and most straightforward way to join two lists in Python is by using the + operator. This operator allows you to concatenate the elements of two lists, creating a new list with the combined elements.

Here’s an example:

``````list1 = [1, 2, 3]
list2 = [4, 5, 6]

merged_list = list1 + list2
print(merged_list)  # Output: [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]
``````

## 2. Using the ‘extend()’ Method

Another way to join two lists is by using the extend() method. This method takes a list as an argument and appends its elements to the calling list.

Here’s an example:

``````list1 = [1, 2, 3]
list2 = [4, 5, 6]

list1.extend(list2)
print(list1)  # Output: [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]
``````

Note that the extend() method modifies the original list, whereas the + operator creates a new list with the combined elements.

## 3. Using List Comprehension

List comprehension is a concise way to create lists in Python. You can also use list comprehension to merge two lists by iterating over the elements of both lists and adding them to a new list.

Here’s an example:

``````list1 = [1, 2, 3]
list2 = [4, 5, 6]

merged_list = [element for list_ in (list1, list2) for element in list_]
print(merged_list)  # Output: [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]
``````

## 4. Using the ‘chain()’ Function from itertools

The chain() function from the itertools module is another way to join two lists in Python. This function takes multiple iterables as arguments and returns a single iterator that produces the elements of all the input iterables, one after another.

Here’s an example:

``````from itertools import chain

list1 = [1, 2, 3]
list2 = [4, 5, 6]

merged_list = list(chain(list1, list2))
print(merged_list)  # Output: [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]
``````

## Conclusion

In this blog post, we covered four different ways to join two lists in Python: using the + operator, the extend() method, list comprehension, and the chain() function from the itertools module. Depending on your specific use case and requirements, you can choose the most suitable method to merge two lists in your Python program.