How To In Linux Directory

Understanding how to navigate through directories in Linux is an essential skill when working with this versatile operating system. It’s a fundamental aspect of Linux administration, and even if you’re a beginner, it’s simpler than you might think. In this blog post, we’ll guide you through the process of navigating Linux directories.

Linux Directory Structure

Before we delve into how to navigate directories in Linux, it’s important to understand a bit about the Linux directory structure. In essence, the directory structure in Linux is like an inverted tree with the / (slash) directory at the top and other directories beneath it.

Navigating Directories in Linux

The primary command used to navigate directories in Linux is the cd (change directory) command. This command helps you move from your current directory to another directory.

Using ‘cd’ Command

To use the ‘cd’ command, you simply type cd followed by the path of the directory you want to navigate to. For instance, to move to a directory named ‘Documents’, you would use:

cd Documents

If you want to navigate to a subdirectory, you would use the ‘/’ character. For example, to navigate to a subdirectory named ‘Subfolder’ inside the ‘Documents’ directory, you would use:

cd Documents/Subfolder

To navigate back to the parent directory, use cd ...

cd ..

Viewing Directory Contents

To view the contents of a directory, use the ls command. This command lists all the files and subdirectories within the current directory.



With a basic understanding of the cd and ls commands, you can easily navigate the directory structure in Linux. Remember, practice makes perfect, so don’t be afraid to explore your Linux system and get comfortable with these commands. Happy navigating!