How To Header Location In Php

When building a PHP application, there are many situations where you would want to redirect the user to a different page, whether it’s after a successful login or after submitting a form. In PHP, a common and simple way to achieve this is by using the header() function with the Location attribute. In this blog post, we will cover how to use header location in PHP effectively.

Basic Syntax

The basic syntax of the header() function is as follows:

header(string $header, bool $replace = true, int $response_code);

To redirect a user to a different page using the Location attribute, you would use the following syntax:

header('Location: url');


Let’s say you want to redirect a user to a “success.php” page after successfully submitting a form. The code would look like this:

Note that it’s essential to call exit() after the header() function. This is to ensure that no further code is executed after the redirection, which could cause unexpected behavior.

Handling Dynamic URLs

If you want to redirect users to a dynamic URL, you can concatenate the URL with a variable. Here’s an example:

Adding a Delay Before the Redirection

In some cases, you might want to add a delay before redirecting the user, such as displaying a “You are being redirected” message. To achieve this, you can use the refresh attribute with a delay in seconds. Here’s an example:

Common Issues and Solutions

1. Headers Already Sent Error

If you see an error similar to “Warning: Cannot modify header information – headers already sent”, it’s likely because there’s some output sent to the browser before the header() function is called. To fix this, make sure that there’s no output (such as HTML, whitespace, or echo/print statements) before the header() call.

2. Relative URLs

Although relative URLs (e.g., “success.php”) will work in most cases, it’s recommended to use absolute URLs (e.g., “”) for better compatibility across different server configurations.


Using the header() function with the Location attribute is an effective and straightforward way to redirect users in your PHP applications. Keep in mind the common issues such as output before the function call and using absolute URLs for better compatibility. Happy coding!