How To Freeze Excel Panes

When working with large datasets in Excel, you often find yourself scrolling far down or across the sheet while trying to remember what each column or row represents. The solution? Freezing panes. This post will guide you on how to freeze panes in Excel.

What are frozen panes?

Frozen panes are rows or columns that remain visible while the other cells scroll. With a frozen header row (or rows), column headers remain visible no matter how far down the sheet you scroll. Similarly, with a frozen column (or columns), the first few columns will remain visible as you scroll across.

How to Freeze Panes

Follow the steps outlined below to freeze panes:

  1. Open the Excel worksheet where you’d like to freeze panes.
  2. Select the cell below the rows and to the right of the columns you want to freeze. For instance, if you want to freeze the first row and the first column, you would click on cell B2.
  3. Go to the View tab in the ribbon at the top of Excel.
  4. Click on the Freeze Panes button in the Window section.
  5. In the dropdown menu, you can select either “Freeze Panes”, “Freeze Top Row”, or “Freeze First Column”.

In order to unfreeze panes, simply follow steps 3 and 4, then click on Unfreeze Panes.


Freezing panes in Excel is a straightforward and immensely helpful tool when working with large datasets. It helps you keep track of your data by keeping your row and column labels in sight. Now that you know how to freeze and unfreeze panes, navigating large spreadsheets should be much easier!