How To Execute Ruby Script

Ruby is a dynamic, open-source programming language that focuses on simplicity and productivity. It is known for its elegant syntax, which makes it easy to read and write code. In this blog post, we will cover the basics of executing Ruby scripts, including different ways to run your code and some common issues you might encounter.


To follow along with this tutorial, you should have Ruby installed on your system. You can check if Ruby is installed by running the following command in your terminal:

ruby -v

If you don’t have Ruby installed, you can download and install it from the official Ruby website.

Running Ruby Scripts

There are several ways to execute Ruby scripts, depending on your preferred development environment and the situation you are in. Let’s take a look at some of the most common methods.

1. Command Line

One of the easiest ways to execute Ruby scripts is by using the command line. To do this, simply open your terminal or command prompt and navigate to the directory containing your Ruby script. Then, type the following command, replacing script_name.rb with the name of your Ruby script:

ruby script_name.rb

Hit Enter, and your Ruby script will be executed.

2. Integrated Development Environment (IDE)

Another common way to execute Ruby scripts is by using an Integrated Development Environment (IDE). An IDE is a software application that provides a comprehensive set of tools for software development, including a text editor, debugger, and build automation tools. Some popular Ruby IDEs include RubyMine, Eclipse, and Visual Studio Code with the Ruby extension.

To execute a Ruby script in your IDE, simply open the script file and look for the “Run” or “Execute” button (usually represented by a green arrow or “play” icon). Click the button, and your IDE will run the script and display the output in a terminal or console window.

3. Interactive Ruby (IRB)

Interactive Ruby, or IRB, is a REPL (Read-Eval-Print Loop) command-line tool for Ruby that allows you to interact with Ruby code in real-time. With IRB, you can execute Ruby code line by line and see the results immediately. To start an IRB session, open your terminal or command prompt and type the following command:


To execute a Ruby script in IRB, you can either type the code directly into the IRB session or use the load or require methods to load the script from a file. For example, to load and execute a script called script_name.rb, you would enter the following command in IRB:

load 'script_name.rb'

After executing the script, you can continue to interact with the code and variables in the IRB session.

Common Issues and Solutions

Here are a few common issues you might encounter when executing Ruby scripts and their solutions:

1. “Command not found” error

If you receive an error message saying “ruby: command not found” or “ruby is not recognized as an internal or external command,” it means that Ruby is not installed properly or not added to your system’s PATH variable. To resolve this issue, make sure that Ruby is installed and the bin folder of your Ruby installation is added to your system’s PATH variable.

2. Syntax errors or unexpected behavior

If your Ruby script produces syntax errors or behaves unexpectedly, it might be because you are using a different version of Ruby than the one the script was written for. You can check the version of Ruby installed on your system with the ruby -v command, as mentioned earlier. If you need a specific version of Ruby for your script, consider using a Ruby version manager like RVM or rbenv to manage multiple Ruby installations.

3. “LoadError: cannot load such file” error

If you receive a “LoadError: cannot load such file” error when trying to load a Ruby script or library, it means that Ruby cannot find the specified file in its load path. To resolve this issue, make sure that the file exists and is located in one of the directories listed in the $LOAD_PATH variable. If the file is located in a different directory, you can either add that directory to the $LOAD_PATH variable or provide the full path to the file when loading it.


Executing Ruby scripts is a straightforward process, whether you’re using the command line, an IDE, or the interactive IRB tool. Understanding these different methods of running Ruby code will help you become a more efficient and productive programmer. As you encounter issues, remember to consult the documentation and seek help from the Ruby community to overcome any obstacles in your Ruby journey.