Linux is a versatile operating system, often used for its powerful command line functionality. One of these functionalities includes the ability to download files directly from a URL. This feature is particularly useful if you need to download files from the internet onto your Linux machine without using a web browser. This blog post will guide you on how to achieve this process.
Command Line Utilities
There are three main command line utilities that you can use to download files in Linux from a URL. These are wget, curl, and lynx.
The wget command is a network utility to retrieve files from the Web using http and ftp, the two most widely used Internet protocols. It works non-interactively, so it can work in the background, after having logged off. Here is a basic example of the wget command:
The curl command is a powerful tool used to transfer data from or to a server. It supports a wide range of protocols including HTTP, HTTPS, FTP, and more. Here’s a typical curl command:
curl -O http://example.com/directory/myfile
The “-O” option tells curl to output to a file rather than stdout.
Lynx is a text-based web browser used in a command-line interface. It can also be used to download files from a URL. Here’s an example:
lynx -source http://example.com/directory/myfile > myfile
The “-source” option tells lynx to dump the source of the document. The “>” operator redirects the output into a file.
Downloading files from the internet directly onto your Linux machine does not necessarily require a web browser. With the power of the command line and tools like wget, curl, and lynx, you can easily retrieve files from the internet. This makes Linux a versatile and powerful tool for many administrative and development tasks.