How To Css A Table

Tables are an essential part of displaying data on a website, but they can often look bland and uninteresting without some styling. In this blog post, we will show you how to quickly and easily style a table using CSS to make it more visually appealing and user-friendly.

Step 1: Create the HTML Table

First, let’s create a simple HTML table. Tables in HTML are created using the <table> element, and the rows and cells are defined with the <tr> and <td> elements, respectively. Here’s an example of a simple 3×3 table:

            <td>Header 1</td>
            <td>Header 2</td>
            <td>Header 3</td>
            <td>Row 1, Cell 1</td>
            <td>Row 1, Cell 2</td>
            <td>Row 1, Cell 3</td>
            <td>Row 2, Cell 1</td>
            <td>Row 2, Cell 2</td>
            <td>Row 2, Cell 3</td>

Step 2: Add CSS Styles

Now, let’s add some CSS styles to give our table a fresh look. You can either add the CSS directly to your HTML file using the <style> element or create a separate .css file and link it to your HTML file using the <link> element.

Here is an example of CSS styles for a table:

    table {
        width: 100%;
        border-collapse: collapse;

    th, td {
        padding: 8px;
        text-align: left;
        border-bottom: 1px solid #ddd;

    th {
        background-color: #f2f2f2;
        font-weight: bold;

    tr:nth-child(even) {
        background-color: #f2f2f2;

    tr:hover {
        background-color: #ddd;

Explanation of the CSS Styles:

table: Sets the width of the table to 100% of its container and collapses the borders to remove any space between cells.

th, td: Adds padding to the table cells, sets the text alignment to left, and adds a bottom border to separate rows.

th: Sets the background color for header cells and makes the text bold.

tr:nth-child(even): Applies a background color to even-numbered rows to create a zebra-striped effect.

tr:hover: Changes the background color of a row when the mouse hovers over it, improving user experience and readability.

Step 3: Apply the CSS Styles to the HTML Table

The final step is to apply the CSS styles to your HTML table. If you added the CSS directly to your HTML file using the <style> element, the styles should already be applied. If you created a separate .css file, make sure to link it to your HTML file using the <link> element in the head section of your HTML file.

For example, if your CSS file is named “styles.css”, your HTML file should include the following line:

    <link rel="stylesheet" href="styles.css">


Styling a table with CSS can greatly improve its appearance and readability. By following these simple steps, you can create visually appealing tables that enhance your website’s user experience.