How To Be Root User In Linux

If you are a Linux user, chances are you’ve heard about the “root” user. Being a root user in Linux means you are essentially the system administrator with the ability to access, modify, and control anything and everything in the system. This blog post is going to guide you through the process of becoming a root user in Linux.

The Importance of Root User in Linux

The root user in Linux is the superuser who has the administrative privileges to perform critical tasks like installing new software, changing system files, and adding/removing hardware. It is important to note though, that with great power comes great responsibility. It is always recommended to use root privileges sparingly and with caution to avoid potential system damage.

How to Switch to Root User

Switching to the root user in Linux is simple. The most common method is to use the su (Switch User) command.

    $ su -

After running this command, the system will prompt you to enter the root password. Once entered, you will be logged in as the root user.

Utilizing Sudo Command

Another way to execute tasks as the root user without switching to the root account is by using the sudo command. sudo stands for “super user do” and it allows authorized users to execute command as another user. Most frequently, sudo is used for commands that require root privileges.

For instance, if you want to install a new software, you can do this:

    $ sudo apt-get install software-name

The system will prompt you to enter your password, not the root password. This is because the sudo command temporarily elevates your privileges to that of the root user.


Being a root user in Linux gives you absolute control over your system but it’s crucial to use it responsibly to prevent inadvertent damages. Familiarize yourself with the power of su and sudo commands, and you’ll effectively manage your Linux system.

Happy coding!